Peer-reviewed journal articles


Cronin, N., Peltonen, J., Ishikawa, M., Komi, P. V. Avela, L., Sinkjaer, T. & Voigt, M. (2008). Effects of contraction intensity on muscle fascicle and stretch reflex behavior in the human triceps surae (Journal of Applied Physiology, 105(1), 226-232). PDF


Cronin, N., Ishikawa, M., Grey, M., af Klint, R., Komi, P., Avela, J., Sinkjaer, T. & Voigt, M (2009). Mechanical and neural stretch responses of the human soleus muscle at different walking speeds (Journal of Physiology, 587, 3375-3382). PDF


Cronin, N., Ishikawa, M., af Klint, R., Komi, P., Avela, J., Sinkjaer, T. & Voigt, M (2009). Effects of prolonged walking on muscle fascicle stretch responses and stretch reflex behaviour (Journal of Physiology, 587, 4339-4347). PDF


Peltonen, J., Cronin, N., Finni, T. & Avela, J. (2010). Mechanical response of human Achilles tendon to a single bout of hopping exercise (Journal of Experimental Biology, 213, 1259-1265). PDF


af Klint, R., Cronin, N., Ishikawa, M., Sinkjaer, T. & Grey, M. (2010). Afferent contribution and modulation of locomotor muscle activity during unconstrained over-ground human walking: an analysis of triceps surae muscle fascicles (Journal of Neurophysiology, 103, 1262-1274). PDF


Cronin, N., Peltonen, J., Ishikawa, M., Komi, P., Avela, J., Sinkjaer, T. & Voigt, M. (2010). Achilles tendon length changes during walking in long-term diabetes patients (Clinical Biomechanics, 25, 476-82).


Cronin, N., af Klint, R., Grey, M. & Sinkjaer, T. (2011). Invited review: Ultrasonography as a tool to study afferent feedback from the muscle-tendon complex during human walking (Journal of Electromyography & Kinesiology, 21, 197-207).


Cronin, N., Peltonen, J., Sinkjaer, T. & Avela, J. (2011). Neural compensation within the human triceps surae during prolonged walking (Journal of Neurophysiology, 105, 548-53). PDF


Cronin, N., Carty, C. & Barrett, R. (2011). Triceps Surae Short Latency Stretch Reflexes Contribute to Ankle Stiffness Regulation During Human Running (PLoS One, 6(8), e23917). PDF


Cronin, N., Carty, C., Barrett, R. & Lichtwark, G. (2011). Automatic tracking of medial Gastrocnemius fascicle length during human locomotion (Journal of Applied Physiology, 111, 1491-6). PDF Link to open access tracking demo


Barrett, R., Cronin, N., Lichtwark, G., Mills, P. & Carty, C. (2011). Adaptive recovery responses to repeated forward loss of balance in older adults (Journal of Biomechanics, 45, 183-7).


Cronin, N., Barrett, R. & Carty, C. (2012). Long-term use of high heeled shoes alters the neuromechanics of human walking (Journal of Applied Physiology, 112, 1054-8). PDF Link to media coverage


Carty, C., Lichtwark, G., Cronin, N., Barrett, R. & Mills, P (2012). Mechanisms of adaptation from a multiple to a single step recovery strategy following repeated exposure to forward loss of balance in older adults (PLoS One, 7(3), e33591). PDF


Carty, C., Cronin, N., Lichtwark, G., Mills, P. & Barrett, R. (2012). Lower limb muscle moments and power during recovery from forward loss of balance in male and female single and multiple steppers (Clinical Biomechanics, 27(10), 1031-7).


Carty, C., Barrett, R., Cronin, N., Lichtwark, G., & Mills, P. (2012). Lower limb muscle weakness predicts use of a multiple- versus single-step strategy to recover from forward loss of balance in older adults (Journal of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 67(11), 1246-52).


Peltonen, J., Cronin, N., Stenroth, L., Finni, T. & Avela, J. (2012). Achilles tendon stiffness is unchanged one hour after a marathon (Journal of Experimental Biology, 215(20), 3665-71). PDF


Stenroth, L., Peltonen, J., Cronin, N., Sipilä, S., & Finni, T. (2012). Age-related differences in Achilles tendon properties and triceps surae muscle architecture in vivo (Journal of Applied Physiology, 113(10), 1537-44). PDF


Finni, T., Peltonen, J., Stenroth, L. & Cronin, N. (2013). On the hysteresis in the human Achilles tendon (Journal of Applied Physiology, 114(1), 515-7). PDF


Cronin, N., Peltonen, J., Finni, T. & Avela, J. (2013). Differences in contractile behaviour between the soleus and medial gastrocnemius muscles during human walking (Journal of Experimental Biology, 216(5), 909-14). PDF


Cronin, N. & Lichtwark, G. (2013). The use of ultrasound to study muscle-tendon function in human posture and locomotion (Gait & Posture, 37(3), 305-12).


Cronin, N. & Finni, T. (2013). Treadmill versus overground and barefoot versus shod comparisons of triceps surae fascicle behaviour in human walking and running (Gait & Posture, 38(3), 528-33).


Cronin, N., Prilutsky, B., Lichtwark, G. & Maas, H. (2013). Does ankle joint power reflect type of muscle action of soleus and gastrocnemius during walking in cats and humans? (Journal of Biomechanics, 46(7), 1383-6). PDF


Cronin, N., Mills, P., Lichtwark, G., Barrett, R. & Carty, C. (2013). Decreased lower limb muscle recruitment contributes to the inability of older adults to recover with a single step following a forward loss of balance (Journal of Electromyography & Kinesiology, 23(5), 1139-44).


Peltonen, J., Cronin, N., Stenroth, L., Finni, T. & Avela, J. (2013). Viscoelastic properties of the Achilles tendon in vivo (Springerplus, 2(1), 212). PDF


Piirainen, J., Linnamo, V., Cronin, N. & Avela, J. (2013). Age-related neuromuscular function and dynamic balance control during slow and fast balance perturbations (Journal of Neurophysiology, 110(11), 2557-62).


Piirainen, J., Cronin, N., Avela, J. & Linnamo, V. (2014). Effects of plyometric and pneumatic explosive strength training on neuromuscular function and dynamic balance control in 60–70 year old males (Journal of Electromyography & Kinesiology, 24(2), 246-52).


Cronin, N. (2014). The effects of high heeled shoes on female gait: A review (Journal of Electromyography & Kinesiology, 24(2), 258-63).


Carty, C., Cronin, N., Nicholson, D., Lichtwark, G., Mills, P., Kerr, G., Cresswell, A. & Barrett, R. (2015). Reactive stepping behaviour in response to forward loss of balance significantly predicts future falls in community-dwelling older adults (Age & Ageing, 44(1), 109-15).


Joyce, S., Sabapathy, S., Bulmer, A., Cronin, N. & Minahan, C. (2015). The influence of estradiol on muscle damage and leg strength after intense eccentric exercise (European Journal of Applied Physiology, 115(7), 1493-1500).


Cronin, N., Kumpulainen, S., Joutjärvi, T., Finni, T. & Piitulainen, H. (2015). Spatial variability of muscle activity during human walking: the effects of different EMG normalisation approaches (Neuroscience, 300, 19-28).


Péter, A., Hegyi, A., Stenroth, L., Finni, T. & Cronin, N. (2015). EMG and force production of the flexor hallucis longus muscle in isometric plantarflexion and the push-off phase of walking (Journal of Biomechanics, 48(12), 3413-9).


Mayfield, D., Lichtwark, G., Cronin, N., Avela, J. & Cresswell, A. (2015). Doublet potentiation in the triceps surae is limited by series compliance and dynamic fascicle behavior (Journal of Applied Physiology, 119, 807-816).


Gao, Y., Nevala, N., Cronin, N. & Finni, T. (2015). Effects of environmental intervention on sedentary time, musculoskeletal comfort and work ability in office workers (European Journal of Sport Science, 16(6), 747-54).


Stenroth, L., Cronin, N., Peltonen, J., Korhonen, M., Sipilä, S. & Finni, T. (2015). Triceps surae muscle-tendon properties in older endurance- and sprint-trained athletes (Journal of Applied Physiology, 120(1), 63-9).


Gao, Y., Cronin, N., Pesola, A. & Finni, T. (2016). Muscle activity patterns and spinal shrinkage in office workers using a sit–stand workstation versus a sit workstation (Ergonomics, 6, 1:8).


Cronin, N., Valtonen, A., Waller, B., Pöyhönen, T. & Avela, J (2016). Effects of short term water immersion on peripheral reflex excitability in hemiplegic and healthy individuals: A preliminary study (Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interaction, 16(1), 58-62).


Cronin, N., Hanley, B. & Bissas, A. (2016). Mechanical and neural function of triceps surae in elite racewalking (Journal of Applied Physiology, 121(1), 101-5).


Škarabot, J., Cronin, N., Strojnik, V. & Avela, J. (2016). Bilateral deficit in maximal force production (European Journal of Applied Physiology, 116(11-12), 2057-84).


Škarabot, J., Perellón Alfonso, R., Cronin, N., Bon, J., Strojnik, V. & Avela, J. (2016). Corticospinal and transcallosal modulation of unilateral and bilateral contractions of lower limbs (European Journal of Applied Physiology, 116(11-12), 2197-2214).


Pincheira, P., Stenroth, L., Avela, J. & Cronin, N. (2017). Individual Leg Muscle Contributions to the Cost of Walking: Effects of Age and Walking Speed (Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, In Press).


Péter, A., Hegyi, A., Finni, T. & Cronin, N. (2017). In vivo fascicle behaviour of the flexor hallucis longus muscle at different walking speeds (Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, In Press).


Kümmel, J., Kramer, A., Cronin, N. & Gruber, M. (2017). Postactivation potentiation can counteract declines in force and power that occur after stretching (Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, In Press).


Stenroth, L., Sipilä, S., Finni, T. & Cronin, N. (2017). Slower Walking Speed in Older Men Improves Triceps Surae Force Generation Ability (Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 49(1), 158-66).


Finni, T., Cronin, N., Mayfield, D., Lichtwark, G. & Cresswell, A. (2017). Effects of muscle activation on shear between human soleus and gastrocnemius muscles (Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 27(1), 26-34).


Kümmel, J., Cronin, N., Kramer, A., Avela, J. & Gruber, M. (2017). Conditioning hops increase triceps surae muscle force and Achilles tendon strain energy in the stretch-shortening cycle (Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, In Press). 


Gao, Y., Silvennoinen, M., Pesola, A., Kainulainen, H., Cronin, N. & Finni, T. (2017). Acute Metabolic Response, Energy Expenditure, and EMG Activity in Sitting and Standing (Med Sci Sports Exerc, 49(9), 1927-1934).


Werkhausen, A., Albracht, K., Cronin, N., Meier, R., Bojsen-Møller, J. & Seynnes, O. (2017). Modulation of muscle-tendon interaction in the human triceps surae during an energy dissipation task (Journal of Experimental Biology, In Press).


Peer-reviewed proceedings


Finni, T. & Cronin, N. (2012). Muscle-tendon mechanics and energetics during walking, running and jumping. In: Bradshaw, EJ, Burnett A, Hume PA (eds.) eProceedings of the 30th Conference of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, 2012: Volume 2: pp 23-29. PDF


Other conference proceedings/presentations


To date I have approximately 45 conference abstracts. Details can be provided upon request.




Go to:



Invited Presentations


Nordic Muscle Tendon Network

Teaching and Supervision